A human body consists of two kidneys, which are located on opposite sides one on left and the other on right side of the body. The major function of kidneys is to purify the blood and send the waste material for excretion through urine. Kidneys also play an important role in maintaining the balance of composition of acid, electrolytes such as sodium, sugar and proteins in blood. Kidneys must be healthy for filtration of blood if not then the patient has to be kept on dialysis which is the process of filtering blood through machines. Disorders in kidneys may also lead a person into death or make him very sick. Let us know some interesting facts about kidneys.
There are millions of nephrons surrounding the kidneys. Nephrons are little filters which catches the waste material flowing through the blood. This waste comes out from the body through urine. Another interesting fact about kidneys is that an adult have 7 to 8 liters of blood which continuously goes on filtration by kidneys for about 400 times a day. If the body is dehydrated which means the amount of water is less in the body than kidneys will not make much urine which can result in increase in blood volume, dehydration can also cause many other problems so the person should drink adequate amount of water every day.
If there will be decrement in the blood pressure as per the requirement of the kidneys then they will send the signal to the whole body to make the blood vessel smaller so that through which the blood pressure could be increased due to which blood can reach in all parts of the body. Kidneys also recognizes the amount of oxygen in blood if they find less amount of oxygen then they will produce an hormone that will send a signal to the body to produce more red blood cell as they carry oxygen. It is also among the interesting facts about kidneys.
Interesting Facts about Kidneys
A body can live with only one kidney also; if someone has the damaged kidney then he can get a kidney transplant from his family member. Vitamin D is generated by the exposure of the skin in sunlight but this vitamin can get activated only because of kidneys. Size of each kidney is similar to a cellular phone or a computer mouse. Kidneys are connected to the bladder; it is connected with kidneys by tubes (ureters). Bladder is sac like structure in which urine is filled.
When this bladder is half filled it sends signal to the brain that you need to go to toilet. When you go to toilet urine leaves your body through another tube which is called urethra. You must protect your kidneys from harmful substances like tobacco, drugs and alcohol. They can make your kidney or harder and also they can damage them. To keep you kidneys healthy always you must stay away from these harmful substances. These all are some of the many interesting facts about kidneys.
Some more interesting facts about kidneys are here. The kidneys have higher flow of blood as compare to other organs even the brain, liver and heart have lower blood flow then kidneys. They process of reabsorbing take place in kidneys. They reabsorb 99% of blood volume and only 0.1% of blood filtered becomes urine. Stones in kidneys are the deposition of mineral salts and most of the time combined with calcium which can take place anywhere in the urinary tract. Refined carbohydrates and sugar helps to make kidney stones. Sugar makes the pancreas to generate insulin which is the reason of extra calcium released in the urine which results in kidney stones. More quantity of milk or antacids may also be the reason of kidney stones. Length of each kidney is about 4 ½ inches long and it weighs about 4 to 6 ounces. Every day urine which is excreted by kidneys measures about 1liter to 2 liter if taken an average it will be 1 ½ liter each day. Kidneys contribute only 0.5% of the whole body weight. Every day about 50 gallons of blood get filtered in the kidneys through 140 miles tubes. Kidney filters about 2 gallons of blood a day.