Mercury is a smallest planet of the entire solar system. It has very high surface temperature as compared to any other planet of the solar system. The reason for this is that Mercury is the nearest planet to the sun. Mercury is also known as a fast-flying messenger to the gods’ reason behind this atmosphere of the Mercury. Here, experts will discuss about the interesting facts on Mercury based on its physical features and profiles.
Profile of Mercury in the Solar System
History behind this smallest planet of the entire solar system is that professionals associated with the space research and study, have recorded about its fact during the 14th century BC. One of the interesting facts on Mercury is that the planet does not contain any atmosphere. Mass of Mercury is equal to 339,104,000,000,000 kg, while it has the Equatorial Diameter’s equal to 4,879 KM. In addition, you could find the polar diameter of this planet as equal to 4,879. Other than this, equatorial circumference of this planet is 15, 329 km. Here, you would find the surface temperature equal to 173 to 427°C.
Physical Characteristics of the Planet
Mercury is close to the sun so its surface temperature is 840 degrees Fahrenheit or 450 degrees Celsius. Do you think about very low temperature of the Mercury? At nighttime mercury’s temperature is very low, and this temperature is -275 degrees Fahrenheit or -170 degrees Celsius.
One of the interesting facts on Mercury is that it is the fastest flying messenger of the God. The way, in which it gravitationally rotates and locks, it becomes the unique planet of the entire solar system. For every two revolutions, it rotates approx three times and it makes around its orbit as from the sun. The planet is also responsible for showing its orbital motions in a frame of reference, only two mercurial years it rotates.
Professionals involved in discussing about interesting facts on Mercury and other experts involved in space research and study choose to determine distance of Mercury from the Sun and from other planets Astronomical units. Distance between the sun and Earth is the one Au, 93 million miles or we can say 150 millions kilometres. However, from the sun, mercury is 0.39, using that system of measurement. As compared to any other planet, mercury orbits round the Sun, but mercury orbit complied for only 88 days. The Earth orbits takes 365 days so we can say mercury completed round of Sun very quickly, compare to the another planet .
Basic Structure and Some Information of Mercury
While talking about the gases, you should know that oxygen is 42 percent, sodium is 29 percent, hydrogen is 22 percent, helium 6 percent, 0.5 percent potassium, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, krypton, water and neon, along with possible trace amount of argons. Iron core is here roughly 2200 to 2400 moles or we can say 3600 to 3800 km wide. In addition, there are outer silicate shell is 300 to 400 miles or 500 to 600 km thick. There are available magnetic area is 1 percent the strength of Earth’s. Mercury is rocky planet like earths.
Rotation of the Planet
As compared to all the planets, mercury has, most eccentric orbit mercury eccentricity is 0.21 with mercury distance from sun ranging 46,000,000 to 70,000,000 km or 29,000,000 to 43,000,000 mi. So we can say it is complete an orbit it takes 87.969 earth days. There are available very heat atmosphere because it is nearest to the sun.
Mercury has incorporated the axial tilt at 3.1 degrees, which is the second smallest as compared to any other planet of the solar system. We know that mercury is close to the sun, so we do not see easily but we are using any medium to see easily. It is also hard because the nearest of the sun and it’s baking hot. Some basic knowledge of mercury for millennia Unlike Pluto, Uranus and Neptune both are discovered in few hundred years, but mercury for thousands of years. Scientists from NASA in some before year search there are solid iron core of mercury could in fact be molten. Other than this, in case of discussing about the gravity of mercury, it is equal to 38 percent of the earth’s gravity.